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❶Scrooge also saw the present scenes of the invitation party and he understands the reason he was left out by his relatives was due to his previous refusal to join them. When Scrooge protests he is reminded of his words earlier Stave 1:

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I suggest that Charles Dickens wanted to portray Scrooge as an extreme — absolutely elfish and heartless; so that comparing the personality to the end of the novel, it could create a major effect regarding the reaction to the book from the readers. Yet this leads into the first visit of Jacob Marley to Scrooge. It was not humbug anymore! He was starting to believe. It was Scrooges catch phrase and consequently, his inability to express us shows that Scrooge is already changing.

This part of the story mentioned the incidents that affected Scrooge before the story and explained why he turned out to be such horrible person. It also reminded Scrooge of his old days, the happy days when he was the nice kind fellow surrounded with friends and the move towards gloomy days abandon himself with his girl friend. He recognized his goodness to people in the past and understands that he can contribute more to the others if he wants. Moreover, he revisited the Fezziwig with the Christmas Past.

He remembered himself with his old boss Mr. Fezziwigs and his fellow worker Dick and they had a completely different relationship compared to his clerk now. I should like to be able to say a word or two to my clerk just now. With a full heart, for the love of him you once were. Haunt me no longer. After seeing the Christmas Past, Scrooge should have recognized in his internal mind that the things he achieved in these years might not be the things he most wanted. This idea is illustrated again when the next Christmas spirit visits Scrooge.

Say he will be spared. Cratchit…I wish I had him here. I suggest Scrooge now truly understood that he was previously such a nasty, mean person to everyone else. Therefore he became conscious of how he treats other people around him, his assistant, his nephew and the boy who sang the carol at his front door. He experienced loneliness and felt left out by his relatives. He sees how they make the best out of Christmas despite them having such a hard time. They all try hard to comfort and support each other.

It becomes clear that they are grieving for Tiny Tim, who has died. He is to be buried in a beautiful green churchyard. Bob comes home from work and goes to sit with his son, who has obviously only just died.

Scrooge is horrified but still has to learn the identity of the mysterious dead man. He is shown to an ugly churchyard "overrun by grass and weeds" in the town, and here sees on the gravestone his own name. He realizes the reader has already guessed that he is the man about whom the others were talking. Scrooge begs the spirit to tell him whether he has seen what will be or what may be only.

He thinks the spirit is showing pity to him and promises he will change. This chapter is very short. Scrooge wonders how much time has passed while he was with the spirits, and calls to a boy from his window, to ask what day it is. The boy is surprised by the questions as it is Christmas Day. Scrooge pays the boy to go to the poulterer like a butcher but specializes in poultry and order the prize turkey for Bob Cratchit.

Out in the street he meets one of the gentlemen he earlier sent away. He whispers to him, but the reader guesses that he promises to give a lot of money to the charity, as the gentlemen doubts whether he is serious. Scrooge explains that his donation includes "a great many back-payments". On Boxing Day he arrives early at work and ambushes Bob, pretending to be very angry with him for his being so late at work. He tells Bob that he will not "stand for this sort of thing any longer" as if he is about to sack him.

Then he tells Bob, he is therefore going to raise his salary. Bob at first thinks Scrooge has gone mad, but is convinced when Scrooge tells him to put more coal on the fire rather than work, and that he will discuss his affairs over a drink that afternoon. The story ends with an account of how Scrooge becomes a "second father" to Tiny Tim "who did NOT die" but receives no more visits from the ghosts.

He changes his way of life entirely. Some people laugh at him, but he lets them laugh and is happy with his new outlook on life. Characters This novella is dominated by one character, Ebenezer Scrooge. The point of the story is to show how and why he changes. It is easy to overlook the change he has already experienced which is shown when he revisits his past in Stave 2. As a child he enjoys the pleasures of the imagination, and he is close to his sister. As a young man working for Mr.

Fezziwig he has not become greedy for gain. But a reasonable fear of poverty which drives him to work to gain security against hardship becomes his dominant passion. Fred is right in pitying Scrooge because he does not find any pleasure in his wealth: Either because of what he once was or because of what he can be or because he feels to blame for what Scrooge is, Marley comes to warn him that he must change. Though the first two spirits tell Scrooge some things, he sees most for himself.

His own statements and feelings are the biggest clue to his changing attitude. He also has the unusual experience of seeing himself as others see him.

He repeatedly makes connections. Seeing himself as a small boy he thinks of the carol singer outside his door.

When he sees his sister, Fan, he thinks of how harsh he has been to her son. But most of all he is affected by the sight of the person he is most able to help, Tiny Tim. Dickens describes Scrooge by likening him to the winter weather, while noting that no weather has any effect on him. There is no hint that this sinister figure will become the comical Scrooge of the last chapter. Finally in this brief sketch we should note that Scrooge is a caricature but represents very real tendencies.

Why does Dickens choose to depict an old person? Perhaps to show that no-one is too set in his or her ways to change, and that change is possible even late in life.

His name has become a byword for meanness - though it seems unfair that we recall him before his life-changing experience. His pet-phrase "Bah, humbug" has also taken on a life of its own, though it is worth remembering that in saying it Scrooge was complaining not generally but specifically about the "humbug" or fraud as he saw it of people being paid to take time off work.

There are many names in A Christmas Carol but few of these are characters in any sense. The three spirits and Marley are unusual in that Scrooge listens to them. At first he resists, but he rapidly learns not to oppose them. Where Marley is grotesquely comic, the first spirit is gentle and pitying, the second hearty and authoritative, and the third silently compelling.

His sister, Fan, though physically frail, tries to help her brother and works to improve his relations with their father. Fred has inherited her good nature and is as obstinate in his kindness as Scrooge is bad-tempered.

She rejects money and finds happiness in her family. Finally, there are those whom we see at work. Dick Wilkins is little more than a name, but Mr. Fezziwig is depicted very fully: He is best judged by the company he keeps - almost every deserving poor person is welcome at his ball. Scrooge notes how Fezziwig has the power to make people happy or unhappy. Scrooge has the same power but he and Fezziwig use it in opposite ways.

Best-known of all these characters are the Cratchits - two of them, anyway. Cratchit and five of the children are sketched out but we see more of Bob and Tiny Tim. Bob is like a poor version of Fred in speaking up for Scrooge when his wife complains of him.

Tiny Tim is among the most famous disabled characters in literature. We do not know the cause of his lameness and today we would be uneasy about calling a child a "cripple", as Tiny Tim calls himself. In the next chapter we are moved again by the way the rest of the family comfort each other and remember the child. The scene is unashamedly sentimental but very moving.

Happily, Dickens is able to reassure us that Tiny Tim does not die, and to give him the last word in the novella. Because the story is relatively short, the locations are only sketched. We also see into the homes of Fred, the Cratchits, Belle and Caroline. Themes The most important themes of the story are stated more or less clearly by characters in it.

Mankind was my business". When Scrooge asks if Tiny Tim will die he is reminded of these words. Because the " surplus population " is not an abstraction but real individuals. Scrooge is told by the Ghost of Christmas Present to find out " What the surplus is, and Where it is " before making such statements. Another theme is that change is possible however set we are in our ways. Dickens imagines the most miserable and hard-hearted man he can, and shows how he can be reformed if he sees his reponsibilities.

Structure Dialogue Irony Imagery Food. The structure of the story is determined by its content. In the middle are three chapters which relate the visits of the three spirits.

These are framed by two chapters which serve as prologue and epilogue. Assuming that Dickens is in control of his story-telling you might consider why the final chapter is much the shortest.

A very obvious technique in this story is the extensive use of dialogue speech to show what people think or feel. Dickens writes speech like a dramatist: It is a convenient length and has an almost ready-made screenplay in the passages of conversation.

The first two spirits especially do this. The Ghost of Christmas Past argues ironically, no doubt that Mr. Fezziwig has done nothing special, causing Scrooge to praise his generosity. Though Dickens writes prose narratives he is fond of comparisons of the kind we expect in poetry. There are far too many to mention here, but a few stand out.

First, we should look at the passage in Stave 1 where Scrooge is described in a series of weather images. A memorable poetic image comes where the Ghost of Christmas Present compares people to insects, and the wealthy Scrooge is ridiculed for looking down on other "insects" who have less to live on: For the technically-minded there is a pentameter ending at "leaf", followed by a tetrameter and another pentameter starting with "among".

An important symbol in A Christmas Carol appears in Stave 1, where Marley is weighed down by a massive chain, and tells Scrooge he has an even longer chain: At the end of Stave 3, Scrooge sees under the robe of the Ghost of Christmas Present, two children, whose names show that they are symbols: Dickens sees that a lack of education and extreme poverty make it impossible for anyone to have a good life.

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A Christmas Carol (English Coursework) During Charles Dickens wrote a novel ‘A Christmas Carol’. The novel was influences by the experience Charles Dickens had of the social divide of the rich and the poor during the Victorian times.

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English Language Coursework - A Christmas Carol A Christmas Carol was written by Charles Dickens and published in This is based on the lives of .

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A Christmas Carol is a tale on the subject of change. It is a quite simple story based on an intervallic narrative composition in which all of the major. Free coursework on A Christmas Carol from, the UK essays company for essay, dissertation and coursework writing.

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Sep 04,  · Order cheap essay: Best place to buy essay. We offer a wide variety of writing services . Christmas Carol Coursework. At Christmas Dickens thinks we should keep Christmas well. By keeping Christmas well he means that Christmas is a time when people forgive things to each other, when all the family gets together for celebration, even at Christmas, for only this day they forget about money problems and have a great day enjoying .